Endoscopic Surgery of the Spine

Endoscopic surgery of the spine allows a surgeon to access the targeted area of the spine, using special instruments, through a single incision only several millimeters long.

Apart from conventional surgical interventions, the surgeons at Alfa Medic General Hospital, headed by neurosurgeon Dr. Marko Marković, perform one of the most contemporary procedures, that is, endoscopic surgery of the spine.

Discus hernia is a disease that affects the intervertebral cartilage (disc) of the spinal column. Reduction of the intervertebral space along with loosening of surrounding ligaments can lead to a disc prolapse (slipped disc) which can then compress a nerve, leading to severe pain along the length of the leg, as well as motor deficits (weakness or “foot drop”), and in some cases even difficulties urinating. While the mildest cases of discus hernia (disc protrusion) are treated by physical therapy, more serious cases require surgical intervention.

The goal of the operation is to free the compressed nerve by removing the prolapsed element of the disc.

Endoscopic surgery of the spine is a minimally invasive procedure where special instruments are used to access the compromised area through a single incision, with the help of special x-ray imaging and instruments.

Candidates for surgical treatment of discus hernias are patients experiencing severe pain along the length of the leg, which cannot be relieved by analgesics or physical therapy and has persisted for some time. Endoscopic surgery is not possible in patients with degenerative deformities of the spine (scoliosis, narrowing of the spinal canal, etc.). An age limit does not exist, except in the sense that older people often suffer from degenerative changes of the spine, therefore the young and middle-aged are most frequently qualified for surgery.

 

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FOTO: Endoscopic Surgery of the Spine