Gastroenterology is the branch of internal medicine that deals with treating the digestive tract.
Specialized gastrointestinal examination is an examination which covers medical history, a physical examination, laboratory and other (ultrasound, endoscopic …) tests, diagnoses and prescribed treatment, and is primarily related to diseases of the abdominal organs.
The most common diseases and ailments that require gastroenterological examination:
– Non-specific disorders: pain and discomfort of the abdomen, feeling of heaviness, bloating, burping, heartburn, diarrhea, constipation, gastrointestinal bleeding
– Diseases of the esophagus: gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), hiatal hernia, achalasia
– Diseases of the Stomach and intestinal bowel: gastritis, duodenitis, gastric erosion and intestinal cancer, gastric polyps
– Diseases of the small intestine and colon: inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease), diverticulosis disease, irritable bowel syndrome, celiac disease, polyps, malabsorption
– Diseases of the rectum and anal area: hemorrhoids, anal fissures, fistulas, fecal incontinence
– Diseases of the liver and biliary tract: viral hepatitis (B, C, D), alcoholic liver disease, fatty liver, cirrhosis and complications, gall stones, inflammation of the gallbladder, bile polyps
– Pancreatic diseases: acute and chronic inflammation
– Malignant diseases of the digestive system: the esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, liver and bile duct, gall bladder, pancreas
Abdominal ultrasound examination involves the liver and bile ducts, gall bladder, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, bladder, prostate, blood vessels and lymph nodes, abdomen.
Why do gastroscopy?
Gastroscopy is an excellent diagnostic method in the detection, treatment and monitoring of the diseases of the upper digestive tract (esophagus, stomach, duodenum).
It does not last long and it is painless, so a fear of examination is unnecessary. For now there is no other method that could replace it sufficiently. This is not only a diagnostic but also a therapeutic method because it can be performed for smaller therapeutic procedures.
Diagnostic evaluation of patients is based on the principles of modern diagnostic protocols, which include:
• Examination by physician subspecialists – gastroenterohepatologists
• Laboratory analysis
• Ultrasound diagnostic – ultrasonic examination of the upper and lower abdomen and Doppler echocardiography
• Endoscopic diagnosis – including upper and lower endoscopy