Internal medicine is called “the queen of medicine” because it is the basis of many clinical subspecialties (cardiology, endocrinology, gastroenterology …).
The patient goes to an internal medicine specialist when there are problems with the heart, respiratory organs, digestive system, blood and endocrine glands or kidneys to evaluate their health status or to discover the cause of disease, and subsequently discuss the appropriate treatment. Although the name refers to the internal organs, the internists treat the whole person, not just the individual organs.
Specialists of internal medicine monitor overall health of patients, addressing acute and chronic diseases.
The department of internal medicine has modern ultrasound units that are used to perform the examinations, which provide important insight into the state of the heart, blood vessels, liver, kidneys, spleen, bladder and endocrine glands and lymph glands.
The use of ultrasound together with electrocardiography (ECG), exercise testing, 24-hour ECG and blood pressure (Holter ECG and blood pressure), spirometry and endoscopic examinations are harmless, fast and highly valuable diagnostic procedures in modern medicine.
Subspecialties of internal medicine:
– Cardiology, diagnosis and treatment of heart and blood vessels
– Endocrinology, diagnosis and treatment of the endocrine system
– Gastroenterology, diagnosis and treatment of the digestive system
– Hematology, the study of blood and its components
– Medical Oncology, diagnosis and cancer treatments
– Nephrology, diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases
– Pulmonology, diagnosis and treatment of lung and respiratory organs
– Rheumatology, the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases
– Gerontology, care for the elderly
– Hepatology, diagnosis and treatment of liver diseases